When selecting (including reviewing), preparing (editing) and publishing articles in the journal, the editorial board is guided by international standards of publication ethics. The Editorial Board of the Journal will carefully and responsibly consider all justified appeals regarding detected violations in published materials. The editors consider it the duty of the author and the reviewer to inform the editors as soon as possible about the missed errors and violations that they have identified after the publication of the article.

The principles of publication ethics of the Bulletin are based on the recommendations of international committees and associations, including:

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    • When selecting (including reviewing), preparing (editing) and publishing articles in the journal, the editors are guided by international standards of publication ethics.
    • The Editorial Board of the Journal will carefully and responsibly consider all reasonable requests regarding the detected violations in the published materials.
    • The editors consider it the duty of the author and the reviewer to inform the editors as soon as possible about the missed errors and violations that they have identified after the publication of the article.

    Ethical principles of the editors of the Journal

    • The editor has the exclusive right to accept or reject a manuscript for publication. The manuscript may be rejected by the editor at the stage preceding the review, if there is a good reason for this (the subject of the article does not correspond to the subject of the journal; the article is obviously of low scientific quality; the article was previously published in another publication; the submitted materials revealed a fundamental contradiction to the ethical principles that the Magazine). The editor accepts the article for publication in accordance with his conviction that it meets the requirements of the journal. Editors must ensure that the material they publish complies with international standards of scientific and publication ethics.
    • If there is a conflict of interest between the editor and the author of the article, the article should be transferred to another editor.
    • All incoming manuscripts that are not rejected for the above reasons at the first stage of consideration, the editor submits for review, selecting reviewers from among the most competent experts on the subject of the article.
    • Editors must keep the names of reviewers confidential and not disclose the names of authors to reviewers.
    • Editors must guarantee the high quality of the materials published in the journal and their content integrity, as well as publish corrections, explanations, apologies in cases where such a need arises.

General requirements for manuscripts

  • Authors of a manuscript containing the results of the original study must provide credible results of the work done, as well as an objective discussion of the significance of the study. The data underlying the work must be presented without errors, in accordance with the primary documentation. The description of research materials and methods should be as detailed as possible to accurately reproduce it and obtain appropriate results.
  • Reviews (including systematic reviews) should also be accurate and objective.
  • The submission of false data or deliberately erroneous statements in the manuscript will be regarded as a gross violation of publication ethics. The manuscript will be rejected from publication.

Advertising Policy

  • The editorial board adheres to ethical standards in its activities and, above all, upholds the right to editorial independence. The placement of promotional materials and sponsorship cannot influence editorial decisions regarding the selection of materials for publication and editorial content in any way. The journal does not publish materials to accompany advertising and does not sell advertising in relation to specific articles. Advertising and informational materials published in the journal are not mixed with editorial materials.
  • All decisions on the placement of advertising materials are made solely by the Publisher. 
  • The editors reserve the right not to accept advertising and information materials, the placement of which does not comply with the policy of the publication. 

Access to source data and storage

  • The Editorial Board reserves the right to request from the Authors the original (raw) research data, including for provision to reviewers and editors. Authors should be prepared to provide this kind of information to editorial staff (according to the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), as well as retain this data for an adequate period of time after publication.

Originality and plagiarism

  • Plagiarism can exist in many forms, from presenting someone else’s work as the author’s, to copying or paraphrasing significant parts of someone else’s work (without attribution) to claiming one’s own rights to the results of someone else’s research. Plagiarism in all forms is unethical and is unacceptable.
  • Our journal does not publish plagiarism in any form, including works containing text plagiarism, idea plagiarism, and data plagiarism.

The editors include the following forms of plagiarism:

  • use (word-for-word citation) of any materials in any volume without indicating the source;
  • the use of images, drawings, photographs, tables, graphs, charts and any other forms of graphical representation of information without indicating the source;
  • use of images, drawings, photographs, tables, graphs, diagrams and any other forms of graphical representation of information published in scientific and popular publications without the consent of the copyright holder;
  • use without written permission of materials whose authors or copyright holders prohibit the use of their materials without special agreement.

The editors refer to the forms of incorrect borrowing:

  • the lack of graphical highlighting of the literally quoted text in the presence of references to the source; incorrect references (incomplete composition of the bibliographic description of sources, preventing their identification;
  • reference not to the first source of the borrowed text without an explicit indication of this fact (error in determining the source);
  • lack of references from the text to the sources given in the article list;
  • excessive quoting, incl. own works (if there are links to sources and graphic highlighting of the cited text), the volume of which is not justified by the genre and goals of the article.

Authors of manuscripts must submit completely original works. References to the results of the work of other authors should be accompanied by links to the relevant primary sources (which are to be included in the list of references). Quoting a text previously published elsewhere must be formatted as DIRECT SPEECH (the text must be enclosed in quotation marks and written in italics) with the obligatory indication of the source. The inclusion of large fragments of borrowed text in the manuscript is unacceptable.

Manuscripts sent to our journal for publication undergo a mandatory check for plagiarism of the text through the ANTIPLAGIAT system.

  • If the editorial office has grounds for a more detailed check, additional tools may be involved to search for borrowings.
  • The Editorial Board of the Journal strongly discourages the use of any technique to increase the text score in the Anti-Plagiarism system.
  • Articles in which signs of technical modifications are found in order to artificially increase the uniqueness of the text will not be published in the journal even if revised. The editors report all such facts to the reviewer and, if the author works in an educational institution, to its management.
  • If unauthorized borrowings are detected, as well as if the coefficient of originality of the text is low (<85%), the manuscript is rejected from publication. 
  • Reviews and other articles requiring more citations for objective reasons are reviewed by the editors on an individual basis.
  • Articles, the content of which is more than 20% consistent with other scientific materials of the author (dissertation, abstract, monograph, previous publications in journals and collections) are not accepted for publication.
  • Identification of plagiarism of ideas and plagiarism of data is carried out as part of scientific peer review, as well as after the publication of manuscripts — upon the fact that readers apply with relevant statements. When establishing the fact of unauthorized borrowing of data (results of scientific work) or ideas, the manuscript (article) will be withdrawn and rejected from publication, even if it has already been published.

Plurality, redundancy and simultaneity of publications

  • Authors should not publish multiple manuscripts, predominantly on the same research, in more than one journal as original work.
  • Revealing the fact of submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time will be regarded as a violation of publication ethics. The editors will reject from publication any manuscripts that are under consideration or previously published in other publications.

Publication of a certain type of article (eg clinical guidelines, translated articles) is permitted in some cases (subject to certain conditions). When submitting a manuscript for «secondary» publication, authors must notify the editors and justify in detail its expediency. In the case of a «secondary» publication, the settlement of issues related to copyright for publication is decided individually in each specific case. The general rules for preparing a manuscript for a «secondary» publication are:

  • an indication of the full bibliographic reference to the «primary» publication;
  • preservation of the original bibliography of the «primary» work.

More information on acceptable forms of secondary (repeated) publications can be found at www.icmje.org.

Recognition of primary sources

The contribution of others to research should always be acknowledged. Authors should refer to publications that were important in the performance of the scientific work covered in the manuscript. Data obtained informally (for example, during a conversation, correspondence or discussion with third parties) should not be used or presented without the express written permission of the original source. Information obtained from confidential sources (for example, a grant for research) should not be mentioned in the manuscript without the express written permission of the author of the manuscript who is directly related to the relevant confidential sources.

Authorship of publications

The authors of the publication can only be those persons who have made a significant contribution to the formation of the concept of the work, the development, execution and / or interpretation of the results of the presented research, as well as to the process of writing the manuscript itself (including those who carried out scientific and stylistic editing and registration in accordance with the requirements magazine).

  • First author. The first author in the list of co-authors should be the head of the author’s team of the manuscript, who took the greatest part in the process of preparing the text and is familiar with the entire process of conducting scientific work. The head of the team of authors should also be a «correspondence author» — to communicate with the editors of the journal and readers (after the publication of the article).
  • Co-authors can be those who have made a significant contribution to the preparation of the text of the manuscript and the study. Where research participants have made significant contributions in a particular area of ​​research project, they should be listed as having made significant contributions to the research.

The author must make sure that all participants who have made a significant contribution to the study are presented as Co-Authors and are not listed as Co-Authors those who did not participate in the study, that all Co-Authors have seen and approved the final version of the work and agreed to submit it for publication.

Research objects and their risks

  • If the manuscript contains the results of experimental studies involving living beings as objects of research, the editors will impose special requirements on its content: manuscripts are accepted for consideration only if the experimental studies described in it involving humans or animals are carried out in compliance with the standards biomedical ethics. Manuscripts should reflect all the risks (obvious and potential) to which the objects of study (humans or animals) were exposed: exposure to chemicals (including drugs), procedures or equipment, and other situations that could harm health or pose a danger for the life of the objects of study.
  • If living people or animals were the objects of study in the experimental study, the authors must indicate in the manuscript that all stages of the study were carried out in accordance with the law and regulations. The authors must also provide information that the study protocol was considered by the ethics committee with the obligatory indication of the name of the committee (or the organization under which the committee was created), the date and number of the minutes of the meeting at which the study was approved. The editors have the right to demand from the team of authors certified copies of the relevant protocols.
  • The manuscript should clearly state that voluntary consent has been obtained from all subjects of the study.
  • The authors are personally responsible for the fact that the manuscript does not reveal in any way the identity of the participants in the study (or the description of the clinical case). The authors should make sure that it is impossible to identify the objects of study based on the data presented in the manuscript. 

Disclosure of conflicts of interest

All authors are required to disclose (declare in the appropriate section of the manuscript) financial or other obvious or potential conflicts of interest that may be perceived as having an impact on the results or conclusions presented in the work.

Examples of potential conflicts of interest to be disclosed:

  • receiving financial rewards for participating in a study or writing a manuscript
  • any connection (work under a contract, consulting, stock ownership, receiving fees, providing expert opinions) with organizations that have a direct interest in the subject of research or review;
  • patent application or patent registration for research results (copyright, etc.);
  • obtaining financial support for any of the stages of conducting research or writing a manuscript (including grants and other financial support).

Clear and potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed as early as possible.

Information about conflicts of interest received from the authors of the manuscripts is not provided to the reviewers and is available only to the editorial board when deciding whether to publish the manuscript. Also, information about conflicts of interest is published as part of the full text of the article.

Significant errors in published works

  • If the author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in the publication, the author must inform the editors of the journal or the publisher about this and interact with the editors in order to withdraw the publication or correct errors as soon as possible. If the editorial office or the publisher has received reasonable information from a third party that the publication contains significant errors, the author is obliged to withdraw the work or correct the errors as soon as possible, or refute the statement about the presence of errors by providing the necessary evidence to the editorial office.

Article removal policy

  • In some cases, the editorial board of the Journal may decide to withdraw the article (retraction).
  • The article will be officially withdrawn if at any stage of review, prepress or after publication, the editors or readers reveal a violation of the requirements of publication ethics. The retraction of the article due to violation of publication ethics will also entail a ban on the publication of articles in this journal for all members of the authors team involved in the incident in the future.

Reasons for article retraction:

  • detection of plagiarism in the article, incl. detection of borrowings of figures, graphs, tables, etc., if the fact of plagiarism became obvious after the publication of the article (see Plagiarism Policy); the occurrence of claims in terms of copyright to the article or its individual parts from third parties;
  • detection of the fact of publication of an article in another publication before the date of its publication in the journal;
  • the presence in the published article of serious errors that cast doubt on its scientific value.
  • In such circumstances, the editorial board of the journal initiates a review, as a result of which the article may be withdrawn from publication. An act of retraction of the article from publication is drawn up, which is signed by the editor-in-chief. A copy of the act is sent to the author of the article.
  • At the same time, the article is not physically removed from the published circulation and the release file on the site. The editorial office publishes a statement on the retraction of the article with its placement on the corresponding page of the content of the issue on the official website of the Journal.

Privacy Statement

  • Information about the authors (surname, name, patronymic, name of an affiliated organization, address of the organization, e-mail address, phone number for communication between readers and the author), provided by them for publication in the journal, becomes available to an indefinite circle of persons, to which the authors give written consent by the fact the concept of the Offer when uploading an article to the online system for receiving articles on the journal’s website. The publication of the specified information is carried out in the interests of the authors in order to fully and correctly record the publications and their citations by the relevant bibliographic organizations and to ensure the possibility of contacts between the authors and the scientific community.
  • Personal information provided by the authors to the journal in addition to the above information, including additional email addresses and phone numbers, will be used solely for contacting the authors in the process of preparing the article for publication. The Editorial Board undertakes not to transfer this personal information to third parties who may use it for other purposes.

The section was prepared based on the materials of the largest international publishing house of scientific and medical literature Elsevier. The original text can be found at  http://health.elsevier.ru/about/news/?id=990#4

The principles of the journal’s publication ethics are based on the recommendations of international committees and associations.